Industrial design

Industrial design will shape the modern economy

A creative workforce can make industrial design a mainstay of a national economy.

Today’s consumers are inundated with a huge variety of new products and services that have revolutionised the way we live. Indeed, iconic designs surround us everywhere, from smartphones and video games, minimalist furniture and electrical appliances to aircraft, transport, digital solutions and medical devices.

We’ve come a long way from the nascent stages of industrial design to today’s sophisticated innovations that promise to meet the needs of the economy and society in ways that are user-centred, functional, aesthetically pleasing and competitive.

Against this backdrop, governments must see industrial design as a creative force shaping today’s economy, in addition to solving many critical problems that require design-intensive solutions. Many governments and businesses have set up dedicated design agencies or units to incorporate and support design activities within their operations.

Praiseworthy benefits

This has led to many laudable benefits, as evidenced by a significant amount of data, such as increased sales efficiency, high levels of innovation, competitive advantage, business growth and job creation.

In 2018, consultancy firm McKinsey published a study on the value of design in business, drawing on data from 300 public companies over five years and covering a variety of industries. The researchers concluded that companies active in design managed to achieve industry benchmark growth at a two-to-one ratio, in addition to higher revenues and returns to shareholders.

Given the abundance of evidence of the value of design, it’s not surprising that many design-focused economies are paving the way in support of innovators who will move into fashionable, innovative design solutions. There are many lessons to be learned from those economies that are at the forefront of the design field.

Finland is a fantastic illustration of a country that has harnessed the power of design to increase economic returns and improve the quality of life in society. Interestingly, its design companies achieved a staggering €12.3 billion in turnover in 2018. Finnish Design, known worldwide for its magnificent Scandinavian minimalist aesthetic and original design, is leading many new product developments and service re-engineering projects.

His national programme, Design Finland, includes numerous pioneering programmes, such as introducing design literacy into pre-school and school curricula, launching special design training programmes for public sector employees to enable them to rethink public services, and publishing design toolkits to promote design. led activities such as crowdsourcing, participatory design, prototyping and piloting

Meanwhile, many countries have specific rules to protect designers’ creative ideas from unauthorised imitation or production by third parties. Notable examples are South Korea’s intellectual property system, which has a smooth registration process for specific patent requirements coupled with the Design Protection Act to protect intellectual property rights.

In the Middle East region, the UAE has been at the forefront of using industrial design as a key economic lever. The newly established Ministry of Industry and Advanced Technology in the UAE was a strategic decision to develop the country’s industrial sector. A special set of policies have been formulated with many revolutionary measures such as attracting talent, providing design-supporting infrastructure and equipment to innovators, logistical support, technological advancement and provision of raw materials used in the manufacturing process.

Governments with a successful track record in industrial design have introduced a number of progressive policies. Understanding consumer needs and global issues can help steer design efforts towards customised solutions.

Education is at the heart of these policies: world-class design programmes are incorporated into school curricula, and full courses are offered at universities fully equipped with the latest technology and equipment to support innovators.

For example, leading universities in Japan offer state-of-the-art industrial design programmes that combine concepts of aesthetics, science and technology together with behavioural science to enable students to create innovative products or services.

Global goals

A set of core services can support the work of companies active in design, such as applying for financial support, providing incubation centres and design spaces with incentives for registration, advisory support, local and foreign matchmaking programmes to improve global value chains, rapid patent registration services. , tax incentives.

Special provision should also be made for the protection of intellectual property rights for industrial designs. In addition, the development of strategic partnerships between research centres, academic institutions, public sector institutions and private enterprises can ensure that domestic innovation reaches a critical market mass.

A special media campaign should be developed to raise awareness among different target audiences of the importance of industrial design as a key economic and social principle. Documentaries could highlight the unique industrial designs that have led to breakthroughs in our way of life today. In addition, the theme of industrial design deserves attention at renowned trade fairs and exhibitions as well as public exhibitions on the contribution of innovative designs to improving our quality of life and supporting our economy.

A number of world-class design museums have been established with ongoing exhibitions dedicated to design. For example, the Design Museum in London delights visitors with its magnificent architecture and interior beauty, as well as its design collection, which houses a wonderful collection from the nineteenth century to modern innovation, covering key elements of design such as fashion, furniture, architecture, product and graphic design, digital media and transport. On the other hand, the Cooper Hewitt Smithsonian Design Museum in New York boasts a stunning collection of more than 210,000 design objects spanning 30 centuries of history.

Governments can certainly use the ingenuity of their creative workforce to make industrial design a mainstay of their economy. Its potential contribution to the emerging economy today could be very broad.

Homes of the future and the present: five ‘green’ projects in architecture

In the hope of mitigating damage to nature, architects are experimenting with “green” materials and creating fantastic designs for houses of the future.

Tree house

Dutch architectural firm Waterstudio has developed a project called Sea Tree. The project is an artificial habitat for plants and animals in danger of extinction outside the

The structure is anchored to the seabed. There will be an above-water part and an underwater part. Birds, fish, rodents and insects will be able to live in the tree-house

Yacht house

The design company Arkup has created a solar-powered yacht house with special panels on the roof. It also has a local waste management system

The yacht house has a special purification system that can turn sea or rain water into fresh and drinkable water. The house can withstand winds of 251 km/h, which is equivalent to a category 4 hurricane

Floating city

Danish architecture firm BIG has developed a concept for a floating city of about 10,000 inhabitants. The project, called Oceanix City, will consist of six islands, each comprising six plots of land, which form villages

Houses will be built from natural and sustainable materials such as timber and bamboo. Oceanix City could save coastal cities, 90 per cent of which face rising sea levels and partial submersion by 2050

A hurricane-proof house

North Carolina-based design company Deltec Homes is developing residential homes designed to withstand hurricanes. The energy-efficient buildings, called Deltec, are circular in shape, allowing wind to circle around the structure instead of concentrating on one side.

Deltec is made of framed lumber that can withstand up to 1,200 kg per square inch – twice as much as conventional material

A plant-based home

British architect Maria Vergopolou has unveiled a micro-home project called Cocoon BioFlos, which people will be able to grow themselves. The houses will be made of thin fibres of bio-plastic produced from sunflower, potato and apple

The internal layout of each home will be tailored to the needs of its occupants. The buildings will be able to adapt to all climatic zones

What they gave the ‘oscar in architecture’, the Pritzker Prize 2021.

Anne Lacaton and Jean-Philippe Vassal find their signature style in West Africa

The Pritzker Prize is the most prestigious award in the field of architecture. It is awarded annually and is considered the equivalent of the Nobel Prize. It was awarded to French architect duo Anne Lacaton and Jean-Philippe Vassal in 2021. In addition to recognition, they received $100,000 and bronze medallions.

Innovation is the main criterion for the award.

Lacaton and Vassal have an unusual architectural handwriting, shaped by their work in Africa.

Who are they – the top architects of 2021 – and what makes their projects unique?

Anne Lacaton, born in France, and Jean-Philippe Vassal, born in Morocco, met in the late 1970s while studying at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture in Bordeaux.

The architects owe their future success to France and Africa.

After graduating from architecture school, Vassal moved to Nigeria to work on urban planning. Anne Lacaton paid him frequent visits. In an interview with Oris in 2003 Lakaton recalled that the simple thatched-roofed, earth-built houses simply turned their minds. Both were struck by the architectural simplicity and the economy of resources in building houses in the desert landscape of the country.

“After a few months of living in Nigeria, we were completely freed from what we had been taught. We started to observe and analyse the details, the way people lived in that context,” Lacaton recalled.

In Niamey, Nigeria’s capital, Lakaton and Vassal built their first project together, a thatched hut made of local bush material. After that project, they made a promise to themselves – not to destroy what can be reconstructed and made sustainable, and to respect the luxury of simplicity.

On their return from Nigeria in 1987, Lacaton and Vassal founded the architectural firm Lacaton & Vassal in Paris.

Simplicity, functionality, spaciousness and the presence of nature were the ground rules on which the architects’ work was subsequently based.

In France, they often experiment with greenhouse technology to create bioclimatic conditions. The architects first used such technology in 1993 when they designed the Latapie house in Floirac. Solar ventilation, a botanical garden and solar shading helped them create a controlled microclimate.

“We studied the greenhouses of botanical gardens, the spectacularly fragile plants, and the play of light in the garden, as well as the ability to simply change the climate,”l Review.

Lacaton told The Architectura

The French duo of architects are committed to preserving the natural environment and old architecture.

For example, they built a private residence in Cap-Ferrat on an undeveloped site along the Bay of Arcachon in order to change the environment as little as possible. Instead of cutting down 46 trees on the site, the architects restored the natural vegetation, elevated the house and placed it in the middle of wooden trunks.

“The past has value, you have to take the time and effort to look at it carefully. That way you can understand how to change an object while retaining values from its past life,”

explains Lakaton.

Lacaton and Vassal are the founders of a new approach to the restoration and construction of social housing.

The architects rejected projects involving the demolition of social housing. Instead, they turned their attention to the interior renovation of dilapidated buildings and the expansion of interior spaces.

Together with the French architects Frédéric Druot and Christophe Hueten, they restored 530 flats in three dilapidated buildings in the Grande Parc in Bordeaux, France. They managed to improve the technical functions of the buildings and avoid having to displace the occupants during the renovation.

“We couldn’t do otherwise. We went to places where the buildings were to be demolished and met people, families who were attached to their homes. More often than not, they were against demolition,” says Vassal.

This innovative renovation of three large blocks of social housing won the European Union’s 2019 Mies van der Rohe Award for Contemporary Architecture. The building was praised for ‘radically improving the space and quality of life of its residents’ and for optimising their economic and ecological cost of living.

With their love of simple materials, the architects are building the most spacious living spaces possible at an affordable price.

They are currently working on the conversion of a former hospital in Paris into a 138-unit mid-rise apartment building, and on private housing projects in Belgium and Germany.
“Good architecture is a place where something special happens, where you want to smile just because you’re here,” shares Vassal. – “It’s also a relationship with the city, with a space that shares its emotions.

1,500 malfunctions: residents of a prestigious skyscraper in New York sue developers

If you live at 432 Park Avenue in Manhattan, you know you have extra-luxurious living space, and your neighbours are just as nice: Singer Jennifer Lopez, a member of the family that owns the tequila brand Jose Cuervo, Saudi tycoon Fawaz Al Khokair, and other millionaires.

At 426 metres, it is the third tallest building in New York City and the tallest residential building in the world. The views from the top floors, 85 in all, are breathtaking, as are the prices for apartments, 104 in total, which start at several million and end in tens of millions of dollars (the most expensive at $95 million is Fawaz al-Hokair’s penthouse with six bedrooms, seven bathrooms and a library).

The skyscraper, designed by Uruguayan architect Rafael Viñoly on the principle of “pure geometric shape” and built for $1.25 billion, has everything you could wish for, from its own restaurant and fitness centre with sauna and swimming pool to a golf course.

But who would have thought the owners of the apartments would sue the developers for defects in the skyscraper’s construction, and the defects are about a thousand and a half, from stuck lifts and leaking ceilings to monstrous, inexplicable noises.

And yet the skyscraper was only commissioned six years ago, and the flats in it were selling for tens of millions of dollars.

Complaints from tenants and accusations of incompetence by the builders and the company that manages the property were first reported by the New York Times back in February 2021.

The article reported how, in 2018, a leak on the technical floor put two lifts out of service for weeks. Several flats were also flooded, and at least one potential buyer turned down the deal after learning of it.

Among other things, residents of the prestigious properties complained of lifts getting stuck in high winds as a result of the shaft deflecting, creaking noises made by the entire structure, unpleasant vibrations, as well as explosions in the electrical plumbing and the rubbish chute, which, according to one flat owner, made a bomb-like sound, making them shudder every time.

A study commissioned by a group of tenants found that 73 per cent of the building’s electrical, plumbing and mechanical infrastructure did not comply with design plans.

Residents also complained about the exorbitant prices of restaurant services, which are included in the rent. They jumped from $1,200 in 2015 to $15,000 in 2020. The cost of insurance has risen by 300% in just two years.

As a result, residents of the troubled skyscraper have filed a $250 million class action lawsuit in New York Supreme Court against the developers and developers, CIM Group and Macklowe Properties, citing life-risk issues as the cause. However, the amount quoted does not include possible punitive damages, nor the size of individual claims that may subsequently be brought.

“The owners paid tens of millions of dollars for the flats, but instead of the super-luxury apartments they were promised, they were sold a mess of breakdowns and defects,” reads the letter accompanying the lawsuit.

For their part, the developers insist in their own statement that 432 Park Avenue is considered one of Manhattan’s finest residential properties and an invaluable addition to the New York skyline.

To make matters worse, they cite the fact that the management company’s access to some flats is restricted, preventing them from fixing problems, and point to “some particularly vociferous tenants”.

Meanwhile, since the beginning of 2021 and when the lawsuit was filed, only one flat sale has taken place in the skyscraper, although buyers were offered a choice of 11 apartments.

A new world capital of architecture has been named

The International Union of Architects (UIA) together with UNESCO has chosen the Danish Copenhagen as the capital of world architecture for 2023. For the city, the new status means recognition of outstanding construction solutions, taking into account modern requirements for environmental friendliness, reports ArchDaily.

The world capital of architecture is chosen every three years. According to the rules of the competition, in 2023, Copenhagen will host the 28th International Forum (28th World Congress) to discuss the organization of the urban environment. A series of events is planned, focusing on how architecture helps to achieve environmentally friendly and human-friendly development of large megacities.

“Our partnership with UNESCO reinforces the role of urban design to promote cultural values in society. Architects see the world for what it is,” said UIA President Thomas Vonie.

The International Union of Architects was founded in 1948 and is based in Paris. UIA members are engaged in promotion of new concepts and technologies in construction and render assistance to professional communities all over the world. The city of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) was designated as the previous capital of architecture. The forum was held in mid-July 2021 in an online format because of the coronavirus pandemic.

In mid-July the World Design Capital (WDC) competition short-listed Moscow with Mexico’s Tijuana and San Diego in California (USA) in the efficiency of street furniture for economic, cultural and ecological development of the community.

CNH Industrial awards for special equipment design

STEYR, New Holland Agriculture, CASE Construction Equipment and FPT Industrial have won prestigious Good Design Awards 2020

Agricultural machinery brands STEYR and New Holland Agriculture, CASE and FPT Industrial, members of CNH Industrial N.V. Group, have won prestigious Good Design Awards 2020. have won the prestigious Good Design Awards 2020, which recognize manufacturers whose products and concepts are recognized as outstanding in their respective fields. The awards are co-founded by the Chicago Athenaeum Museum of Architecture and Design and the European Center for the Study of Architecture, Design and Urban Studies.

Innovative and cutting-edge solutions in industrial and graphic design from around the world are selected for the highest aesthetic in terms of design, new technologies, forms, materials, construction, concept, functionality, practicality, energy efficiency, and sustainability. A record number of candidates from 48 countries participated in the competition. A jury of design professionals, leading industry experts, trade journalists and critics chose the following four products: the STEYR Konzept concept tractor, the New Holland BigBaler 1290 High Density baler, the CASE Project Zeus all-electric backhoe loader concept and the Cursor X engine concept from FPT Industrial.

STEYR Konzept concept tractor

The STEYR brand is awarded the Good Design Award for its creative and practical concept – a vivid representation of the future development of tractors. Expressive design offers real advantages in a variety of areas, from performance and visibility to environmental friendliness. For example, the minimalist interior of the cab displays information on transparent screens for maximum visibility and increased operator comfort and productivity.

STEYR Konzept concept tractor

This award also celebrates Konzept’s forward-looking technical solutions: including an innovative hybrid power system that combines a conventional engine, generator and electric drives. The concept tractor was developed in collaboration with powertrain brand FPT Industrial. The modular hybrid drive system perfectly combines compactness, efficiency and clever engineering. It allows the use of different energy sources depending on the application. This enables the tractor to operate quietly without producing emissions.

New Holland BigBaler 1290 High Density Bale Baler

The New Holland BigBaler 1290 High Density baler has won an award for its forward-looking design and high operating efficiency. The designers drew inspiration from nature itself – the image of field-grown ears swaying in the wind – when creating the machine’s sleek lines that reflect its functionality.

New Holland BigBaler 1290 High Density Bale Baler

The BigBaler 1290 High Density significantly increases the quality of the bale chambering process. The patented Loop Master knotter with its proprietary double tying technology, distinguished by a second loop-shaped knot, keeps trimmings out of the bale and in the field and saves up to 6 km or 46 kg of twine per season.

CASE Project Zeus all-electric backhoe-loader concept

The industry’s first all-electric backhoe-loader CASE Project Zeus is a unique prototype with a clean and ascetic design that balances CASE’s engineering tradition with the construction industry’s commitment to sustainability. It produces no emissions, offers the same power and performance as standard diesel-powered machines, and features significantly lower operating costs. The CASE 580 EV electric backhoe loader is scheduled to go into series production in early 2021.

CASE Project Zeus all-electric backhoe-loader concept

Members of the jury were impressed by how the concept inherits a design tradition going back to 1957 with its “clean” workmanship and appearance. The machine won the award for its innovative lighting design elements, sharp yet neat lines and contours, and modern interface and intuitive operation.

FPT Industrial Cursor X engine concept

The FPT Industrial Cursor X engine concept, symbolizing the brand’s vision of innovation, is designed to preserve our planet. The Cursor X is based on the philosophy of the four “M’s”: Multi-power, the ability to run on the greenest fuel – electricity generated by hydrogen fuel cells from natural gas or stored in batteries; Modular, ease of assembly and integration into the vehicle; Multi-application, suitable for driving different machines – from agricultural and construction machinery to commercial vehicles and power plants; and Mindful, the self-learning function and extensive.

FPT Industrial Cursor X engine concept

The Cursor X concept won an award for taking the “engines out from under the hood” and turning them into a work of design art.

WHAT IS THE SECOND LIGHT IN A RESIDENTIAL BUILDING PROJECT?

Anyone who dreams of their own home, first of all, wants to see the project of an aesthetically attractive home. The easiest way to make your home spacious and sophisticated at the same time is to create a house project with a second light. What is a second light in a home project? Should I provide for it?

The absence of overlapping between floors does not always mean that the project includes a staircase. If in the project the interfloor overlap covers about half of the area of ​​the first floor, this means that the house has a room with a second light.

In all house projects, a room with a second light is illuminated through windows located on the first and second floor levels. The concept of “second light” means the presence of windows of an additional upper tier in the same room. Double-height spaces are distinguished not only by high ceilings. They have much more natural light and air.

Variants of using a double-height room in projects are limited by the function of a common room. Any ceremonial hall plays such a role, for example, a living room, a dining room, a library.

History of second light technology

A double-height space is a long-familiar architectural and planning technique in residential building projects. Its prototype is considered to be an atrium in an antique residential building, and the time of its appearance can be traced back to the period when, during the era of the Roman Empire, they learned to make glazed windows. They were used for glazing the ceiling (and not the walls of the second tier, as in our time) to illuminate the front room from above.

In the Middle Ages (VI-XII centuries), with the appearance of colored stained-glass windows, not only the second light, but also the third one appeared in the dwellings. The premises became so high that they had a platform at the top for holding knightly tournaments during unfavorable weather conditions. But halls with a lot of natural light were only in the palaces of nobles and aristocrats.

In the era of Gothic architecture (XII-XIV century), the technology of the second light reached its climax. Building technologies now made it possible to erect high floors through the use of columns with buttresses – additional supports. The space between the windows was filled with colored stained-glass windows on religious themes. The architects made natural light colored, and the space became extremely bright and delicate. Only the wealthiest people in the city could afford such housing.

The classical period (XII-XIV century) proved to be the most suitable for the use of the second light. At this time, thanks to the variety of design possibilities, various options for its use began to appear – in a suite, in a space with the use of stairs and mezzanines of the upper tiers, for improved illumination of round halls and rooms. From that moment on, the architecture of the double-height rooms was constantly supplemented and complicated.

Pros and cons of second light

Dignity

  • High ceilings that everyone who lives in standard apartments wants to have.
  • The lighting system incorporated in the project, which will allow large quantities of sunlight to enter the room. This will be especially appreciated by those who are used to living in an apartment with windows on one side.
  • An opportunity to create a project with interesting architectural forms, original design, attractive artificial lighting.
  • Possibility to complete a project with an unusual facade architecture.

Disadvantages

  • Loss of usable area. But if the issue of a deficit of usable area is not worth it, then this drawback in the project can be disregarded.
  • The need to develop a special heating system in the project – floor heating, thermal insulation of the ceiling and walls, non-standard placement of radiators.
  • Household difficulties associated with the maintenance of a high room (the need to wash high windows and lighting fixtures, difficulties in placing textile decor on the windows).
  • Large expenses for arrangement and maintenance.

Output

The second light is a way available to many to make their home not only large and spacious, but also luxurious, similar to a palace from the past. This is a sign of the material well-being of the owners. It doesn’t matter which design you choose – aristocratic medieval or chic classic, ultra-modern high-tech or cozy chalet – this architectural technique will help to create an atmosphere of grandeur.

Loft style living room arrangement

Are you dreaming of an austere, light-filled interior with lots of metal, wood and glass?

Therefore, you will definitely like the original and modern loft-style living room. What are the features of this style? Which industrial furniture and accessories to choose?

How was the loft style created?

A similar style originated in the United States as early as the 1940s. When abandoned and closed workshops and factories after the Great Depression, they began to be sold and offered as premises for home improvement.

Such tall and long workshops usually had brick walls, concrete floors, and floor-to-floor muntines. Open electrical wiring, various ventilation pipes, and elements of former units. They let in a lot of daylight (there was often no electricity in these buildings at the time).

Furniture

What kind of furniture should be put in such a living room? The loft is characterized by spaciousness. Often in such apartments the living room is organically combined with the kitchen. For this reason, furniture should correctly separate the recreation area from the “working” one.

A bet on a small amount of furniture. Instead of a small sofa and a few armchairs, opt for a long sofa. You should not put benches and coffee tables in such a living room. Match the loft-style furniture to your space. The smaller they are, the better, and the space will appear optically larger.

Choose simplicity, no decorative elements, bright colors, calm lines and solid wood, which will acquire even more character with age. It is good if your industrial furniture has a clear texture (visible rings, knot marks, sticky boards) and metal legs, handles or other elements. Wood products with the addition of metal will add lightness to such interiors. It can be any metal painted black, as well as copper, nickel and brass. Storing books, newspapers, and other small items requires sturdy solid wood shelves and wire baskets.

Living room

If you like these styles, then know that in such a living room there should not be too many decorations – after all, they were not in the old workshops and factories. In principle, these should have been typically functional rooms. Therefore, the design of an industrial showroom should be very thoughtful and not random.

Here you will be inspired by the steampunk style, which, like the lofts, has its roots in the 19th century – the era of steam engines. Steampunk relies on technological developments of those years, and its aesthetics refers to heavy machines and mechanisms. Modern writers, sculptors and inventors loved progress, machines and predicted the future of technology.

t is best if they are made of glass, metal, aluminum or plastic. You can find figurines of prototypes of cars, parts with gears. The wall can be decorated with vintage, abstract and fantastic graphics.

An expressive decoration will be a clock in the style of the 19th century or a round one, similar to a classic train station. Remember to be moderate in design. Up to five decorative accessories are enough.

If you are planning an industrial living room in an apartment building, make sure there is enough light. Mirrors hung on the wall perpendicular to or in front of a window will reflect it. This will make the room brighter and optically larger. Two mirrors are enough in the living room. More can overload the interior.

Lighting

During the day, light in the loft living room will be provided by large, necessarily protruding windows without curtains and mirrors on the walls. If you want more privacy, install wooden blinds.

It is not difficult to choose lamps for the living room. In the former workshops and factories, lighting was made from materials that were durable and resistant to mechanical damage. The shades were quite large, so that the light from one lamp illuminated a large area. In addition to pendant lights, there were also spot patterns that provided intense lighting. Tripod floor lamps were also popular. You can use all of these shapes in your living room. Their combination will give an interesting effect, especially when combined with brick walls.

As you can see, an industrial living room doesn’t have to be inaccessible or repulsive. Combined with the right accessories and wood furnishings for a cozy feel, it will contribute to a quality relaxation.